India has a rich and vast diversity of water resources. But worse kinds of water management system have been causing a great problem for India. Day by day the situation is getting worse.
The worse situation of availability of water throughout India has been due to various factors. Major river systems of India are heavily polluted and continuously sewage is being discharged to these rivers which has left our major rivers’ water polluted. Our ground water is also facing the brunt of pollution. The primary reasons of ground water pollution in India are industrial pollution and extensive use chemicals for agriculture. The untreated effluents being discharged to rivers are making the quality of water worse day by day
Water conflicts have always existed in India. We never tried to make rules for water sharing among states which has already led to a number of conflicts among states.
When one part of our country sees floods at the same time another part is dry. This show how poor water management system we have in our country. If we channelize all our water rivers and connect rivers of one part of country to another we can easily get rid of flood and dry at the same time. We don’t even have adequate storage capacity. Developed countries and even most of the developing countries have more water storage capacity than us.
India’s investment in large water infrastructure have yielded a lot when we talk of food security and poverty but a considerable part of this infrastructure now seems to collapse soon due to poor water supply. Most of the farmers still depend on pumped ground water for irrigation. Use of ground water on large scale has already caused depletion of water resources at many places. For domestic purposes urban as well as rural population mainly depends on ground water which has left many areas of our country with ground water crisis. And the poor people who have limited access to resources have been the worst sufferer of this ground water shortage. The most frustrating fact is that of these areas running short of ground water most of them are most developed and economically productive areas which is not a good sign for future.
Even water distribution system is not untouched with corruption in our country. Many of the household in our country still not pay bills for supply water and pay bribes to regularize the water supply connections.
The present situation in India demands a very good and intelligent water management system. We need to increase water storage and creation of more water infrastructures to meet the increasing demands.