On the 15th of August of the fateful year of 1947, was the end of the dreadful British rule in India. It lasted for two centuries and turned out to be probably one of the worst periods in the Indian history. It’s pretty obvious that the British were forced out of the country and they didn’t leave willingly. It was by the mere determination and hard work of the Indian freedom fighters that led to driving the British rule out of the country. Some of the best freedom fighters who chose to fight for the country, including the tactful schemes of the Gandhi – Nehru partnership resulted into the fine movements. There were others as well who gave up their lives for their motherland like Kartar Singh Sarabha, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Shaheed Udham Singh and Subhash Chandra Bose. These were the brave men that gave up their lives in order to free our country.
Sardar Udham Singh was born into a Sikh family on 26th December, 1899. He was well known for exerting his bravery by assassinating the General Dyer in March of 1940. The same event is also involved in the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre. When he was very young, Udham Singh lost his parents and he was raised truly by the efforts of the kind people in the Central Khalsa Orphanage in Amritsar. Even at a very young age, he was well aware of the fact that an evil force has overtaken the homeland of India and something had to be done to avenge it.
After the Jallianwalla Bagh incident on April 13 1919, Singh was truly shaken by the brutal act of the British and swore in front of the Golden Temple to avenge his late Indians. His next target would be General Dyer and Michael O’Dwyer, who ordered and carried out the entire act. First, he went for General Dyer who he successfully assassinated and then moved his focuses Michael O’Dwyer. Nearly after 21 years after the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre, he got true vengeance. There was a joint meeting with the East Indian Association at Caxton Hall and that’s when Singh pulled out his revolver. O’Dwyer took the stand to give his speech and Singh shot him twice and he died immediately. Singh did not attempt to escape the scene, instead screamed slogans for the freedom of India. He was arrested on the spot.
His gun, diary and the bullet he fired are still stored in the Black Museum of the Scotland Yard. Back in India, this incident roared everywhere and the fighters out there started taking the movement very easily. Later he was sent to trial for the murder of O’Dwyer and convicted for murder on 4 June, 1940. From then on he stayed in prison and, he went on a 42 day hunger strike and he was also forced fed daily. Udham Singh was sentenced to death on 31 July, 1940 and he was hanged at Pentonville Prison.