Since 1919, Indian history holds significance for Jallianwala Bagh owing to the dreadful incident that happened in that place. Recently I visited Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar – it is a beautiful garden which has been built in the memory of peace loving citizens of India and holds an important date in the history of India.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre dates back to 1919 when hundreds of Indians lost their lives. In 1951, there was a memorial built in Amristar, Punjab to give a tribute to all those Indians who were brave and yet lose their lives in order to free Indian from the British. There had been a very tragic incident at the Jallianwala Bagh which is even now, remembered by many Indians. It was noted that nearly 370 people lost their lives in the incident and about 1100 were severe. At that time, there was a civil surgeon on duty that confirmed that more than 1,526 people were actually wounded. A memorial was built on the same site that the incident took place and it is till now being managed by Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust.
There was a meeting held at the local garden of Jallianwala Bagh wherein people attended that in order to discuss what had happened on 13th April, 1919 and what they could do to prevent that incident in the future. It was the Baisakhi festival of the Sikh religion and everyone had come forward to celebrate that as well. General R.E.H. Dyer was informed about the meeting and he decides to get on the scene with nearly 50 men of his and ordered them to fire at the people attended the Baisakhi event. He fired and killed innocent men who were just gathered to have a discussion and there were nearly 1600 bullets fired in less than 10 minutes killing most of the people out there. Dyer then became the hero of the British rule in India but he also faced a whole lot of criticism from the House of Commons. He was forced to retire in 1920 and from then on, the army was trained to use minimum force against the Indians so it would be suitable.
Until this incident, the Lieutenant Governor O’Dwyer approved and respected and it created a big hassle in the House of Commons out there. The crowd in Jallianwala Bagh that day was unarmed and they weren’t doing anything wrong by gathering in that place, but Dyer still chose to fire at the innocent people in order to kill them. A Sikh teenager named Udham Singh witnessed the entire incident and watched his fellow countrymen being killed by the orders of Dyer and O’Dwyer and felt a boiling sense of revenge for them. He managed to assassinate them both at the Caxton hall in London during a speech and later was convicted for it. He was then sentenced to death in Pentonville jail of London on 31st of July in 1940. Till today, whenever the Jallianwala Bagh incident is brought up, it creates a traumatizing effect on all those who know about it.